My blogging challenge topic this week is about Pompeii.
The city of Pompeii was an ancient Roman town-city near modern Naples. Pompeii was mostly destroyed and buried 13 to 20 ft of ash eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.
By the time of its
destruction, 160 years later, its population was probably approximately
20,000, and the city had a complex water system, an amphitheater, gymnasium and a port. Evidence for the destruction originally came from a surviving letter by Pliny the Younger, who saw the eruption from a distance and described the death of his uncle Pliny the Elder,
an admiral of the Roman fleet, who tried to rescue citizens. The site
was lost for about 1,500 years until its initial rediscovery in 1599 and
broader rediscovery almost 150 years later.
The objects that lay beneath the city have been well preserved for
centuries because of the lack of air and moisture. These artifacts
provide an extraordinarily detailed insight into the life of a city. During the excavation, plaster was used to fill in the voids between
the ash layers that once held human bodies. This allowed one to see the
exact position the person was in when he or she died.
Pompeii has been a tourist destination for over 250 years. It is one of the most popular tourist attractions of Italy, with approximately 2.5 million visitors every year.